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Farley, H., Gregory, S., Grant, S., Butler, D., Jacka, L., Orwin, L. & Jones, J. (2013). The Australian and New Zealand Virtual Worlds Working Group: A collaborative community of practice, Virtual Worlds Best Practices in Education 2013: 6th Annual VWBPE Conference – Beyond the Stage.

Grant, S., & Clerehan, R. (2011). Finding the discipline: Assessing student activity in Second Life. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 27(5), 813–828.

Grant, S., & Huang, H. (2010). The integration of an online 3D virtual learning environment into formal classroom-based undergraduate Chinese language and culture curriculum. Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching, 1(1), 2–13.

Huang, H., & Grant, S. (2010). 不出国门的文化浸入和语言学习  —– “第二人生”作为汉语语言文化教学平台实例分析. Cultural Immersion and Language Study Without Leaving Home: A Case Study of Second Life as a Platform for Chinese Language and Culture Teaching. In Y. Hui (Ed.), 国际汉语教学实践与思考:第八届国际汉语教学学术研讨会论文选集 (Practice and Contemplation on the Teaching of Chinese as an International Language – Selected Papers from the 8th International Conference on Chinese Language Pedagogy). Beijing: 外语教学研究出版社 The Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.

Grant, S., & Huang, H. (2012). 13. Learning a Second Language in Second Life. In T. Islam, O. Lee, J. Peterson & M. Piscioneri (Eds.), Effectively Implementing Information Communication Technology in Higher Education in the Asia-Pacific Region. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Grant, S., Huang, H., Pasfield-Neofitou, S. (2013). Language Learning in Virtual Worlds: The Role of FLA and Technical Anxiety. Journal of Virtual Worlds Research, 2013.

Grant, S., Huang., H.,  Pasfield-Neofitou, S. (2013) “The Authenticity-Anxiety Paradox: The quest for authentic second language communication and reduced foreign language anxiety in virtual environments” at SLACTIONS 2013 – Research conference on virtual worlds: Learning with simulations, organized by University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro (UTAD), held on 21-23 November 2013 in the virtual world of Second Life®. (Winner, 2nd Prize Silver Avatar). To be published in Elsevier Procedia Technologia in 2014.

Gregory, S., Jacka, L., Hillier, M., & Grant, S. (2015). Using virtual worlds in rural and regional educational institutions. Australian & International Journal of Rural Education, 25(2), 73-90.

Gregory, S.Lee, M. J. W.Ellis, A.Gregory, B.Wood, D.Hillier, M.Campbell, M.Grenfell, J.Pace, S.Farley, H.,Thomas, A.Cram, A.Sinnappan, S.Smith, K.Hay, L.Kennedy-Clark, S.Warren, I.Grant, S.Craven, D.Dreher, H.,Matthews, C.Murdoch, D., & McKeown, L. (2010). Australian higher education institutions transforming the future of teaching and learning through 3D virtual worlds. In C. H. Steel, M. J. Keppell, P. Gerbic, & S. Housego (Eds), Curriculum, technology & transformation for an unknown future. Proceedings of the 27th ASCILITE Conference (pp. 399–415). Brisbane, Australia: The University of Queensland.

Gregory, S., Gregory, B., Reiners, T., Hillier, M., Lee, M.J.W. Fardinpour, A., Jacka, L., Butler, D., Holloway, D., Grant, S., Hearns, M., Flintoff, K., Jegathesan, J.J., Ellis, D., McDonald, M., Stokes-Thompson, F., Gaukrodger, B., Zagami, J., Campbell, C., Wang, X., Garcia Salinas, J., Loke, S-K., Scutter, S., Newman, C., Gu, N., Schutt, S., Farley, H., Bogdanovych, A., Trescak, T., Simoff, S., Steel, C., Neuendorf, P., Bower, M., McKeown Orwin, L., Kerr, T., Warren, I., Wood, D., Miller, C., Mathews, S., Linegar, D., Knox, V., Masters, Y., Brown, R., Meredith, G., Atkins, C., Giovanangeli, A., Le Rossignol, K., Cram, A., Muir-Cochrane, E., Basu, A., Jacobson, M., & Larson, I. (2013). Virtual worlds in Australian and New Zealand higher education: Remembering the past, understanding the present and imagining the future. In H. Carter, M. Gosper and J. Hedberg (Eds.), Electric Dreams. Proceedings ascilite 2013 Sydney. (pp.312–324)

Gregory, S., Gregory, B., Hillier, M., Jacka, L., Schutt, S., Ellis, D., Stokes-Thompson, F., Wood, D., Masters, Y., Farley, F., Orwin, L., Stupans, I., Scutter, S., Warren, I., Steel, C., Neuendorf, P., Bower, M., Miller, C., Mathews, S., Butler, D., Hearns, M., Garcia, J., Jegathesan, J.J., Brown, R., Meredith, G., Muir-Cochran, E., Flintoff, K., Grant, S., Atkins, C., Gaukrodger, B., Giovanangeli, A., Le Rossignol, K., Larson, I., Cram, A., Linegar, D., Wang, X., Muir, T., Cleland, B., Paillat, E., Grenfell, J., Hay, L., Gu, N., Williams, A., Simoff, S., Bogdanovych, A. & McCarthy, A. (2012). Sustaining the future through virtual worlds. In M. Brown, M. Hartnett & T. Stewart (Eds.), Future Challenges – Sustainable Futures. Proceedings ascilite Wellington 2012 (pp. 361-36Smilie: 8). Wellington, New Zealand: Massey University and ascilite.,_sue_-_sustaining.pdf

Gregory, B., Gregory, S., Wood, D., Masters, Y., Hillier, M., Stokes-Thompson, F., Bogdanovych, A., Butler, D., Hay, L., Jegathesan, J.J., Flintoff, K., Schutt, S., Linegar, D., Alderton, R., Cram, A., Stupans, I., McKeown Orwin, L., Meredith, G., McCormick, D., Collins, F., Grenfell, J., Zagami, J., Ellis, A., Jacka, L., Campbell, J., Larson, I., Fluck, A., Thomas, A., Farley, H., Muldoon, N., Abbas, A., Sinnappan, S., Neville, K., Burnett, I., Aitken, A., Simoff , S., Scutter, S., Wang, X., Souter, K., Ellis, D., Salomon, M.,Wadley, G., Jacobson, M., Newstead, A., Hayes, G., Grant, S., Yusupova, A. (2011). How are Australian higher education institutions contributing to change through innovative teaching and learning in virtual worlds? In G. Williams, P. Statham, N. Brown, & B. Cleland (Eds.), Changing Demands, Changing Directions. Proceedings ascilite Hobart 2011 (pp. 475-590). Presented at the ascilite2011, Hobart: University of Tasmania. Retrieved from

Gregory, S., Gregory, B., Grant, S., McDonald, M., Nikolic, S., Farley, H., O’Connell, J., Butler, D., Jacka, L., Jegathesan, J., McGrath, N., Rudra, A., Stokes-Thompson, F., Sujunesan, S., Zagami, J., Sim, J., Schutt, S., Gaukrodger, B., Hearns, M., Irving, L. (2016). Exploring virtual world innovations and design through learner voices. Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Innovation, Practice and Research in the Use of Educational Technologies in Tertiary Education. Adelaide: University of Adelaide. Retrieved from

Henderson, L., Grant, S.Henderson, M., & Huang, H. (2010). University students’ cognitive engagement while learning in a virtual world. In D. Gronn & G. Romeo (Eds), ACEC2010: Digital Diversity. Conference Proceedings of the Australian Computers in Education Conference 2010. Belconnen, Australia: Australian Council for Computers in Education.

Henderson, L., Henderson, M.Grant, S., & Huang, H. (2009). What are users thinking in a virtual world lesson? Using stimulated recall interviews to report student cognition, and its triggers. Journal of Virtual Worlds Research, 3(1).

Henderson, M., Huang, H., Grant, S., & Henderson, L. (2009). Language acquisition in Second Life: Improving self-efficacy beliefs. In R. Atkinson & C. McBeath (Eds), Same places, different spaces. Proceedings of the 26th ASCILITE Conference (pp. 464–474). Auckland, New Zealand: The University of Auckland and Auckland University of Technology.

Henderson, M., Huang, H., Grant, S., Henderson, L. (2012). The impact of Chinese language lessons in a virtual world on university students’ self-efficacy beliefs. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 2012, 28(Special issue, 3), 400-419.

Jacka, L., Gregory, S., Stokes-Thompson, F., McKeown Orwin, L., Farley, H., Ellis, A., Grant, S., Hearns, M. (2011). Changing worlds: Virtual worlds for higher degree research, supervision and networking (Symposium). In G. Williams, N. Brown, M. Pittard, & B. Cleland (Eds), Changing demands, changing directions. Proceedings ascilite Hobart 2011. Hobart, Australia: University of Tasmania.

Jeffery, A., Grant, S., & Gregory, H. M. (2011). Multi-user virtual environments for international classroom collaboration: Practical approaches for teaching and learning in Second Life. In C. Wankel (Ed.), Teaching arts and science with the new social media (pp. 189–210). Bingley, UK: Emerald.

Lan, Y.-J., Chen, N.-S., Li, P., & Grant, S. (2015). Embodied cognition and language learning in virtual environments. Educational Technology Research and Development, 1-6. doi: 10.1007/s11423-015-9401-x

MacKinnon, T., Pasfield-Neofitou, S., Manns, H., & Grant, S. (2016). A Meta-Analysis of Open Educational Communities of Practice and Sustainability in Higher Educational Policy. Alsic ( Apprentissage des langues et systèmes d’information et de communication), 19 (2016).

Pasfield-Neofitou, S., Huang, H., & Grant, S. (2015). Lost in second life: virtual embodiment and language learning via multimodal communication. Educational Technology Research and Development, 1-18. doi: 10.1007/s11423-015-9384-7


Pasfield-Neofitou, S., Grant, S., & Huang, H. (2016). Task-Based Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) in Second Life for Beginner Learners and Educators. In R. Molony & H. L. Xu (Eds.), Exploring Innovative Pedagogy in the Teaching and Learning of Chinese as a Foreign Language (Vol. 15, pp. 213-233): Springer Link.

Ullrich, C., Borau, K., Grant, S., Jackson, D., Shen, R. (2010). Cross-Cultural Multimedia Language Learning: Case Study and Analysis. Advances in Web-Based Learning – ICWL 2010, Volume 6483 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 404-409


Blended Synchronous Learning

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